Yet hopes of independence in the wake of the Nazi defeat were quickly dashed. The Soviets quickly re-occupied the country, with symbols of Lithuanian independence banned and many natives deported to Siberia. Some locals fought a guerilla war against the communists, with as many as 20,000 resistance fighters killed in the years that followed. But to begin with, this resistance was in vain.
So as far as the Soviet authorities were concerned, Lithuania with its puppet government was their fiefdom to do with as they pleased. And they did have a particular purpose for one piece of Lithuanian real estate in what is now the Žemaitija National Park. A piece of secluded woodland was to play its part in the Cold War between the Russians and the Americans.